Making Kimchee: A New Year’s Resolution

Classic whole-head cabbage kimchee

Classic whole-head cabbage kimchee

In 2009, I resolve to make a batch of kimchee by myself, without my mother hovering over me. Here’s the recipe I will use, formulated from watching six church ladies make kimchee and published in as part of an article I wrote for the Jan/Feb 2009 issue. (I have another article in there on wagashi, traditional Japanese sweets. Look for the magazine in high-end grocery stores; both articles will be online at the end of February.)

Spicy Cabbage Kimchee
Makes One Gallon
Set aside a day to make kimchee, although much of that day is spent waiting. Expect your kimchee to last about 2 weeks before going sour, at which point you can stir-fry it or turn it into kimchee stew. You’ll need a pair of plastic gloves and a one-gallon tub for brining.

Brine the Vegetables
Brining times are variable. The objective is to produce a uniformly salted and wilted cabbage head.
Dissolve 1 cup kosher salt into 1 gallon lukewarm water in a non-reactive plastic, glass, or stainless steel tub. Set aside.
1 large Korean radish (about a pound), julienned, tossed with 1 tablespoon salt and set in a colander to wilt. Set aside for use in seasoning blend.
2-3 fresh, firm whole heads of Napa cabbage (about 6 pounds worth).
Trim chunky excess off stems and discard any discolored outer leaves. Cut in half lengthwise. Hold the cabbage half stem side down over the brine. Using your hand, pour brine over the cut side, making sure the brine gets between each layer of leaves. Repeat, until all cabbage halves are brined.
Place the cabbage halves in the tub of brine, arranging the cabbages so the stems are in the solution and the cabbage halves are leaning down, touching as much solution as possible. After 2 or 3 hours, check the cabbage for any unwilted sections, especially near the stem. Sprinkle salt on these areas and then rearrange the cabbage halves, turning them over so another side is exposed to brine. Let stand another 2 or so hours.
Rinse the brined cabbage under cold running water. Taste after the first rinse. If the cabbage is too salty, rinse again. Repeat up to 3 times, but do not rinse more than four times.
Shake off excess water and place the rinsed cabbage in a colander, cut side down, for draining. Make sure all excess water drains away.

Make the Seasoning Blend
While the cabbages are brining, make the seasoning blend.
Rice Flour Slurry: Dissolve 1 tablespoon of rice flour in 3/4 cup water. Mix well with a fork to remove any clumps. In a small saucepan over medium heat, bring to a hard simmer, then immediately lower to a gentle simmer, stirring constantly until it turns shiny and smooth. Set aside to cool while you make the seasoning paste.

Seasoning Paste
1 medium onion, peeled and quartered
1 medium red bell pepper, quartered
1/2 to 2 Jalapeno peppers (adjust according to your preference)
Rice flour slurry, cooled (see above)
1/2 cup Korean fish sauce (Sand Lance Sauce; do not use Thai or Vietnamese fish sauce)
3/4 cup Korean chili powder (make sure the label says “Made in Korea”)
2-4 cloves garlic, peeled and finely minced
2 tablespoons fresh ginger, peeled and crushed or grated
1 pound julienned, wilted radish
1 cup julienned carrot
1 bunch scallions, roots cut off and sliced into 2-inch pieces
1 Tablespoon toasted sesame seeds
Optional but recommended:
Pinch or two MSG
Half-packet artificial sweetener

First, make the slurry. While it cools, prep the ingredients for the paste.  In a food processor, combine the onion, red bell pepper, and jalapeno, scraping down the sides, until thoroughly blended and soupy, about 1 minute. Place the mixture in a large, non-reactive bowl. Add the completely cooled rice flour slurry and combine well. Wearing rubber gloves, add the following ingredients in order, combining gently but thoroughly with your gloved hands after each addition: fish sauce, chili powder, garlic, ginger, wilted radish, carrots, scallions, sesame seeds.

If you are after authenticity, use both MSG and the sweetener. Add a pinch or two of MSG to your spice mixture now and combine. Sugar can throw off the fermentation process, so use artificial sweetener. Only half a packet is needed, but the difference it makes is significant.

Assemble the Kimchee
1-gallon pickling jar, washed in hot soapy water and air dried.
Again using plastic gloves, slather each leaf layer of the wilted cabbage halves with the seasoning paste, making sure to put a little more down near the stem. Keep an eye on proportions so that the paste is evenly distributed between every cabbage head. Fold the seasoned cabbage in half and place it into the jar. Pack the rest of the seasoned, folded cabbage halves on top.

The jar should be tightly packed, with as few air pockets as possible. Leave an inch or two of space at the top and cover the opening of the jar with a layer of plastic wrap that is large enough to be screwed in place by the lid.

Let the jar ferment in a cool shady spot for 1 to 2 days, then refrigerate. Slice before serving.



Filed under Korean, Recipe

4 responses to “Making Kimchee: A New Year’s Resolution

  1. onejap

    thanks for posting this. i wanted a recipe from someone i trust.

    funny, i ate kimchee for breakfast this morning.

  2. Christine Schoener

    I smiled when I read this post. It reminds me of the day I came home from work and wafting through the door came this most incredible smell. My room-mate and best friend, Chong, had decided that that day was the day to make Kimchee – from scratch… in my laundry basket.

  3. Brad Chodos-Irvine

    I made your kim chee recipe when I read it in Edible Seattle last winter and am making it again today. We still live in the same house across the street on 45th SW from your former house and Ella (now 14), still has her Dash dog you gave her. Making Kim Chee is our new Sumi memory!
    Cheers, Brad

    • sumisays

      Omigosh! I only just saw this reply from you–can’t figure out why I’m not getting emails from the blog…I’m flattered you remember me–I definitely remember Ella fondly. And I’ve definitely been keeping track of Margaret’s wonderful books. I have three wee ones: Griffin (almost 9), Raven (7), and Kira (5)…. Wow. I should invite you over sometime and catch up. We live on Whidbey Island in the summertime, but I’m back to Seattle weekly for work…Let me know how to best get in touch with you. And thanks SO MUCH for getting in touch (hope the kimchee turned out well)…

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